A database is a pooling of information structured in a way that retrieval of data will be efficient. Databases are indispensable in shared hosting servers.
A shared web hosting server is where several websites reside in order to connect to the internet. The service provider is responsible for managing server, giving technical support, and other services with which the clients paid. In a shared web hosting, customers essentially have no organizational relationships but each one is linked because of their relationship to the hosting server. Since shared hosting servers cater to numerous clients, it is necessary to have databases where information are stored and shared.
Generally, from designing your website to hosting it on the internet, you need to consider a lot of things. You have to buy a domain, and then choose a reliable host. Finally, you will have to design a professional website, promote it and finally generate some profit from the website that you created.
Choosing the right web host is crucial for your business. It is important to choose the right host that will provide you with the best service and best security measures for the data that you have. Security of your data should be one of the key points in making the decision of choosing your web host provider.
A shared hosting server will need to provide a database as part of the hosting plan. To connect to the database, hosting companies usually require the following information:
- Server Name
- Server Type
- Database Name
How can I connect remotely to Shared Hosting Databases?
Managing your hosting databases remotely offers a fast connection to your databases. Should you want to connect to a database remotely, enabling Direct Database Access when setting it up is a must. You will also need database management software such as:
- MySQL Workbench
- MySQL Query Browser
- Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio Express
The software above offer faster connection to your database and gives more functionality to users. However, using these tools provides lesser security in managing your database.
Connecting to MySQL using PHP
There are two main things to connecting to MySQL through PHP. First, using your mysql_connect statement, connect to your MySQL server. You need now to login to your hosting account manager to enable you to find the server name, username and password for your database. Next, you need to select the database that you want to access. You can log in to your account manager to locate the name of your database.
Security risks in shared hosting databases
There are many methods in attacking your website. Hackers continually find the easiest means to attack your website. Here are some of the reasons why your website is not secured on a shared hosting server:
- If a website on the server is hacked, this opens a pathway for the hacker to access other websites on the shared server.
- A hacker can buy services of hosting companies and create a website as an entry point to maliciously attack other websites.
- You cannot harden the server. This is a disadvantage imposed on a shared hosting server. You are restricted and cannot access the PHP and Apache configuration of the server.
You need to explore the different stages in which the attacks occurred in order for you to have a clear understanding of the nature of the attack and how this will affect your website. Bearing in mind that the attacker is targeting a specific website on the shared server, the most crucial step is to list down all of the websites that are running on the server. This is easily done using the Reverse IP Lookup.